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ECCD

Founded in 1975 as a society, Sumangali Seva Ashrama is dedicated towards the upliftment of needy deserted women and orphan children.  Its work is at the local level, and it has a staff of 328 persons.

Since 1995, SSA has run 130 anganwadis under the ICDS programme funded by the Department of Women and Child Development. The anganwadis are mainly located in the slums of Koramangala, Bansaswadi, Ulsoor, D.J.Halli and HAL.  

The key focus of the ICDS programme is the holistic development of the child, 0-6 years, as well as the health of pregnant and lactating mothers. Anganwadis offer six services: pre-school education; supplementary nutrition; health check-up; immunization; referral services and nutrition education for mothers.  For every population of 1000, there is one anganwadi.  In each of its anganwadis, SSA has about 80-100 children and pregnant and lactating mothers enrolled. The centre is handled by one teacher and a helper. The children are given supplementary nutrition of 300 calories per day. Malnourished children are given twice the amount.  In addition an energy food prepared in SSA is also given.  Health checkups are conducted every three months and the growth chart of the child is drawn with records of the immunization given.  SSA also refers the child to other hospitals in case it is required.  Pregnant women and lactating mothers are also given health checkups, and the required medicines and grains for six days of the week.  Once a month, women are taught about low-cost nutritious foods with a demonstration of how to prepare them.  

SSA follows the directives of the Department of Women and Child Development in all matters and opens anganwadis based on those directives. It is, however, free to recruit independently upto five anganwadi workers.  Recruitment beyond that number has to be in consultation with the Department.     

Apart from the ICDS anganwadis, SSA also runs a crèche for 30 children at its own premises. Started in 1980, the crèche is open to children 2-5 years and operates from 9.30am to 4.30pm. Children of domestic workers, vegetable vendors and coolies living near Hebbal attend the crèche.  Payment for the facility is according to the parents’ capacity.  The crèche used to be funded by the KSSWAB but is now fully funded by the SSA.  

Training:

  • While the supervisors and project officers are trained by NIPCCD, SSA sends newly appointed anganwadi workers and helpers for training at the Anganwadi Training Centre.  Anganwadi workers go through a 45-day residential training programme and a refresher course every two years for five days.
  • In 2003, SSA organized the training of anganwadi workers on AIDS and cancer by Asha Foundation and Karunashraya.
  • In 2002 it ran a two-day refresher course for 130 pre-school teachers of the anganwadis; which was funded by the ICDS.
  • In 1989, SSA conducted a residential training programme for 40 crèche teachers from all over Karnataka.  This was funded by the KSSWAB and included training on child health and nutrition.

SSA also conducts periodic health check-ups and eye camps for the local community.  In 2002 it undertook a health and eye check-up for all, including children, which was funded by the Rotary. In association with the Foetal Foundation of India, SSA also provides free ultra sound scanning for pregnant women at its premises thrice a week.    
Projects undertaken in the past:

  • From 1986-1998, SSA ran four crèches in Subrahmanyanagar, Guddadahalli, Motaganahalli,  Hesaraghatta.  These crèches were funded by the KSSWAB.  While the latter two were closed, the former two were handed over to the ICDS programme which the SSA has been handling since 1995.
  • From 1990-96, SSA ran 15 creches financed by the Swiss-based organization, Shiftung Kindergarten Programme (SKIP).  The crèches were located in Bangalore North taluk comprising Hesaraghatta, Yelahanka and upto Nelamangala.  In urban Bangalore, the crèches were located in Adugodi, Gangenahalli, Cholanayakanahalli and Gurgantapalya.  The need for the crèches was felt as due to the lack of  anganwadis, mothers who worked as coolies had nowhere to leave the children while at work.  The crèches had 25 children, 2-5 years.  When the project closed, these crèches were merged with the ICDS anganwadi programme for which SSA had got approval.
  • 1996-2001: Under the IPP-VIII, SSA ran 19 creches  in and around Bangalore.  With 25-30 children per creche, children were provided with health and childcare, supplementary nutrition and pre-school education

SSA brings out an annual report of its activities. Since it follows the directives of the Department of Woman and Child Development, its future plans are linked to it.  SSA welcomes help in the form of donations, clothes, and volunteers.

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