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ECCD

The National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD) is an autonomous registered society.  With its headquarters in New Delhi, the institute has four regional centres: Bangalore, Guwahati, Indore and Lucknow. NIPCCD believes in the holistic development of the child through health, education, nutrition and child development.  Its strength lies in developing training methodologies and materials.

NIPCCD Bangalore was set up in 1980, and works in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Pondicherry and Lakshadweep.  The institute is supported by the Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resources.  It has 10 programme and 26 support staff.

ICDS

While the activities of the institute have expanded to promote voluntary action, research, training and documentation in the overall domain of Women and Child Welfare, it was initially started to train the top-and middle-level functionaries of the ICDS programme.  It is the apex body for training of ICDS functionaries. It has the responsibility of planning, coordinating and monitoring the training, designing, revising and standardising of curriculum for all categories of functionaries; and preparing, procuring and distributing training material and aids. NIPCCD is not involved in training the anganwadi workers; but is involved in training the trainers, supervisors and child development project officers.  

Training

Apart from the ICDS programme, the institute conducts customized training programmes for various organizations at their request.

  • Orientation course on project formulation for mother and child care for voluntary organizations to strengthen their capabilities in formulating viable projects and implementing and monitoring them effectively.
  • Orientation course on learning disabilities for school teachers to help them develop methods and techniques to identify children with learning disabilities and how to help them.
  • Skill training on the management of the ECCD programme for the supervisory staff of NGOs.

Research

NIPPCD has undertaken many research and evaluation studies.

  • A study of child welfare institutions in Karnataka between September 2000 and January 2001 to understand the functioning of the child care institutions and offer suggestions to improve their functioning
  • It took up a four-year research project to study the psycho-social development of children in the 2-6 age group.
  • In 1992 a study was formulated to investigate the factors responsible for malnutrition in early childhood and its relationship to mental growth and behavioural disorders.

Evaluation of ICDS

Since ICDS is an integral part of the institute, it has undertaken several evaluation studies on various facets of the programme.

  • In 1995 it undertook an evaluation of the ICDS in Pondicherry and offered  recommendations.  It also evaluated pre-school education in Kerala’s ICDS programme
  • It studied the motivational and organizational commitment of ICDS functionaries and its impact on performance
  • It has evaluated the refresher training of Anganwadi workers in Karnataka.  This district-level training programme was a novel way to clear the backlog of staff who needed refresher training.  Programme functionaries such as Assistant directors, supervisors etc conducted the training.
  • It has studied the effectiveness of health and nutrition education through home visit as a strategy

Services

NIPCCD is not a service organization as it concentrates on training and policy matters.  It has, however, opened a child guidance center at its premises at Yelahanka in 2003.  Being a child-related institution it was felt that a service component in a community-based model was essential.  Added to this was the non-availability of such a facility in the surrounding area.  The center will be open to children, 0-6 years or more, with development and behavioural problems such as learning disability, spasticity, slow learners, mental retardation etc.  They will be attended to by trained professionals and will be referred to specialized services as and when needed.  It will function at the NIPCCD premises and one day in a week will be devoted to community work at Yelahanka and Devanahalli.  

Policy and partnerships

As part of its consultancy work, NIPCCD has drawn up the Project Implementation Plan for the Karnataka government’s ICDS programme catering to children below three.  The World Bank’s funds for this will concentrate on the backward areas of Gulbarga and Kolar. NIPPCD is also a member of the Karnataka State Training Task Force that has been created to monitor and evaluate the ICDS training component.
UNICEF has identified the Bangalore centre as the nodal agency to formulate the policy framework on ECCD for implementation in the southern states.  In this context, the institute has reviewed the existing policies on Early Childhood Care, Survival, Growth and Development and is developing an action plan for the southern states. State-level meets were organised to discuss state-specific needs and issues so that a southern regional level policy framework could be framed.
Since its mandate is to work towards public cooperation, NIPCCD works in close contact with a number of organizations.  It is a member of the BPNI and has been the secretariat for the Karnataka chapter of the Network on Information on Parenting (NIP).

Resources

NIPCCD documents all the research and training programmes it conducts. It has a library with many books, periodicals and other materials.  It has developed several games, low-cost aids and play material that are used during in-house training programmes.

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